Copyright and Intellectual Property Information for Webmasters at utmem - Bookmark?
"It is estimated that by 2007, as much as 90% of the value of the world's top 2000 enterprises will consist of intellectual property" (PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2003).
Public Domain online resources.
The Right to Display Public Domain Images
The Right to Display Public Domain Images - The Right to Display Public Domain Images. Quote from this page: "WHAT DID THE COURT DECIDE?
The Court ruled that reproductions of images in the public domain are not protected by copyright if the reproductions are slavish or lacking in originality.
In their opinion, the Court noted: ''There is little doubt that many photographs, probably the overwhelming majority, reflect at least the modest amount of originality required for copyright protection.... But 'slavish copying', although doubtless requiring technical skill and effort, does not qualify.''
In other words, an exact reproduction of an image in the public domain does not possess creativity itself. Therefore, the reproduction is not protected under copyright law."
Public Domain Explained
Public Domain - Public Domain Explained - Article at Wikipedia. Quote from this page: "The public domain comprises the body of knowledge and innovation (especially creative works such as writing, art, music, and inventions) in relation to which no person or other legal entity can establish or maintain proprietary interests. This body of information and creativity is considered to be part of the common cultural and intellectual heritage of humanity, which in general anyone may use or exploit.
If an item is not in the public domain, this may be the result of a proprietary interest as represented by a copyright or patent. The extent to which members of the public may use or exploit an item in relation to which proprietary interests exist is generally limited. However, when copyright or other intellectual property restrictions expire, works will enter the public domain and may be used by anyone for any purpose."
Public Domain Resources
Public Domain Resources - Public Domain Resources - Article at Wikipedia. Quote from this page: "There are many resources available on the net that are in the public domain, and therefore freely usable without restrictions for Wikipedia content.
This page is intended as a list of only true public domain text resources. For other lists of resources, see below."
Public Domain Image Resources
Public Domain Image Resources - Public Domain Image Resources - Article at Wikipedia. Quote from this page: "There are a number of sources of public domain images on the Web.
The presence of a resource on this list does not guarantee that all or any of the images in it are in the public domain. You are still responsible for checking the copyright status of images before you submit them to Wikipedia."
NEW RULES FOR USING PUBLIC DOMAIN MATERIALS
NEW RULES FOR USING PUBLIC DOMAIN MATERIALS - Linking Rights - By Attorney Lloyd J. Jassin ofers a good introduction to a basic understanding of copyright law. The article defines what the public domain is and also mentions traps and pitfalls when using public domain materials. Quote from this page: "One of the most important gifts authors and publishers have been given is the treasure trove of creative works known as the public domain (“PD”). When a work passes into the public domain it can be used without permission or charge because no one owns it. However, great care must be taken to determine if a work is truly in the public domain. This article addresses recent changes in the law, and provides information to help readers negotiate the sometimes daunting public domain maze."
Stock Photography for Web Developers: Part 3
Stock Photography for Web Developers: Part 3 - The Public Domain and copyright issues for webmasters are discussed in this article by Nathan Segal. Copyright issues on the web are discussed as well as linking issues related to copyright. Useful explanation of copyright for the employed and the self-employed, too. Quote from this page: "Copyright Protection: Misconceptions One relatively common problem is not understanding how copyright functions. It's not the purpose of this article to go into depth on the subject, but we can explore some highlights. As an example, some people feel that if they obtain a copyrighted image and change it by a certain amount then it becomes a new image. In reality, the copyright owner has the exclusive right to modify their works in this manner, but for another party to do the same thing in which the work is transformed or adapted is a case of copyright infringement. If in doubt, have a look at the resources at the United States Copyright Office."
How to Determine Whether a Work is in the Public Domain
How to Determine Whether a Work is in the Public Domain - How to Determine Whether a Work is in the Public Domain. Quote from this page: "For any work published prior to 1978 (with proper copyright (©) notice), copyright lasted for an initial term of 28 years, renewable in the 28th year at first for an additional 28 years, then (with the 1976 Copyright Act but actually beginning in 1961 or 1962) for an additional 47 years, and finally (with the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998) for an additional 67 years. If a work published prior to 1964 was not formally renewed, it entered the public domain when the initial 28-year term expired."
WHEN U.S. WORKS PASS INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
WHEN U.S. WORKS PASS INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN - WHEN U.S. WORKS PASS INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. By Lolly Gasaway, University of North CarolinaQuote from this page: " Definition: A public domain work is a creative work that is not protected by copyright and which may be freely used by everyone. The reasons that the work is not protected include: (1) the term of copyright for the work has expired; (2) the author failed to satisfy statutory formalities to perfect the copyright or (3) the work is a work of the U.S. Government." Same page is online here..... WHEN U.S. WORKS PASS INTO THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
Public Domain Comedy Heaven
Public Domain Comedy Heaven - Public Domain Comedy Heaven. After all that hard work, you deserve some light relief - here is a public domain comedy video resource - excellent selection of copyright expired movies online for instant download! Quote from this page: "Welcome to theVoiceofReason.com's Public Domain Comedy Heaven. ONLY QUALITY: The very best in public domain movies for free download." Quote from this page: "Our search for the finest public domain comedy in the world has started... All the greatest public domain comedy all in one place... eventually... We aim to become the premier place in the world to come to browse movie downloads, comedy writing, classic television moments, in fact we'll put anything we think is good in our collection... as long as it is in the public domain... and all for free."
Making the Public Domain Public
Making the Public Domain Public - Making the Public Domain Public. Quote from this page: "This paper is about the public domain; but it is not so much about the Public Domain as a legal construct, as it is about the public perception of the public domain, and about issues that arise when attempting to use it. The paper, accordingly, is divided into two parts, 1) the public domain perceived and 2) the public domain received."
Reconstructing the Public Domain
Reconstructing the Public Domain - Reconstructing the Public Domain (Metaphor as Polemic in the Intellectual Property Wars.) by Robert A. Baron. Quote from this page: "...a vigorous public domain is a crucial buttress to the copyright system; without the public domain, it might be impossible to tolerate copyright at all. – Jessica Litman. "The Public Domain," Emory Law Journal, Fall, 1990
- - - Metaphors are dangerous things. They easily take on a life of their own, determining how we think, what questions we ask and what comparisons we make. – Edward Rothstein, "The Mysterious Meme, a Seductive Metaphor" (Review of The Electric Meme: A New Theory of How We Think by Robert Aunger), New York Times, August 3, 2002."
Visual representation of the stunted growth of the public domain
Visual representation of the stunted growth of the public domain - Visual representation of the stunted growth of the public domain by Peter Jaszi. Quote from this page: "This chart is a visual representation of amici's understanding of the decline of the growth of public domain as a result of repeated copyright term extensions."
Union for the Public Domain
Union for the Public Domain - Union for the Public Domain - Quote from this page: "Union for the Public Domain (UPD) is a non-profit citizens group. Our mission is to protect and enhance the public domain in matters concerning intellectual property. We are a membership organization, acting as an independent voice on intellectual property issues."
Public Domain Images
Public Domain Images - Public Domain Images - Quote from this page: "Public Domain Images (Mostly!) for Use in Multimedia Projects and Web Pages (Most of the images in these collections are in the public domain. Though you may not need to ask permission to use them when publishing on the Web for educational purposes, you still must cite these images unless otherwise notified! If you see any copyright notices on these pages, read them for further instructions.)"
The Public Domain
The Public Domain - The Public Domain - Quote from this page: "ABSOLUTELY FREE! MUSIC, TEXT AND ART!! COPY ALL YOU WANT!! If you saw an advertisement like this, you might wonder, "What's the catch?" When it comes to the public domain, there is no catch. If a book, song, movie or artwork is in the public domain, then it is not protected by intellectual property laws (such as copyright, trademark or patent law) --which means it's free for you to use without permission.
As a general rule, most works enter the public domain because of old age. This includes any work published in the United States before 1923. Another large block of works are in the public domain because they were published before 1964 and copyright was not renewed. (Renewal was a requirement for works published before 1978.) A smaller group of works fell into the public domain because they were published without copyright notice (copyright notice was necessary for works published in the United States before March 1, 1989). Some works are in the public domain because the owner has indicated a desire to give them to the public without copyright protection. The rules establishing the public domain status for each of these types of works are different and more details are provided throughout this chapter."
"For what avail the plough or sail, or land or life, if freedom fail?" - Ralph Waldo Emerson